The rule of legislation can have an ideological effect even if it’s not ideological in its essence. The natural legislation and authorized positivist positions are united, however, in the aim to offer an idea of the essence of legislation. This endeavour provides them with a standard enemy in the view of law as ideology, which finds attempting to find out the essence of legislation as basically misconceived.
We examine punishments across time and house, analyzing historical change, worldwide differences, and native variation inside particular person international locations. We look at penal policies as established at the organizational, state, and nationwide ranges and punishment in apply, as meted out behind closed doors or on metropolis streets. We examine not solely punishment’s origins, but additionally its consequences for society. Ultimately, we examine punishment, broadly construed, as it’s skilled, constructed, and contested around the world, all through historical past.