The Open University
One would anticipate the apply and exercise of legislation to be shaped by folks’s political beliefs, so law might sound to emanate from ideology in a straightforward and uncontroversial means. It has antecedents in ancient political philosophy and is discussed, and the time period itself introduced, in mediaeval legal and political thought (see Finnis 1996). Its most necessary roots lie in the political philosophies of Hobbes and Hume, and its first full elaboration is due to Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) whose account Austin adopted, modified, and popularized. For a lot of the subsequent century an amalgam of their views, based on which law is the command of a sovereign backed by pressure, dominated English philosophical reflection about law.
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